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Health is wealth, as we always say. There are a lot of factors that makes an individual fit which is called ‘social determinants of health”. World Health Organization (WHO) defines social determinants of health as the condition in which people are born, grow, work, and live along with the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily lives. These forces and systems include economic and social policies, social norms and political systems. It is also attributed to one’s development of illness because it may limit an individual’s access to healthy foods, safe neighborhood, healthy lifestyle and proper wellness education. Most of the time, people with higher education are less vulnerable to disease against people who have limited knowledge to such diseases. They are also more prone to diseases due to their unhealthy lifestyle. Usually, it varies according to the place where one lives and the type of workplace he/she belongs to.

                These factors are usually linked to the communicable disease chain. A communicable disease chain is composed of reservoir (source of disease), vehicle (means of transmission such as environment, sanitation, water, food, etc.) and the susceptible person. The social determinants of health belong to the second stage called the vehicle. People living in poor communities, low income, unsafe neighborhood and substandard education suffer from diseases and are unhealthy. They also have limited access to wellness programs which are pivotal in spreading awareness about these communicable diseases. Also, living in poor communities are at risk of unsafe water and unhealthy food. Thus, it is important to break the chain of disease transmission to avoid the increase of communicable disease rate. One of the easiest ways to break the chain is focusing on observing proper hygiene and making sure that the environment they live is safe. 

          Over the years, the government has been strengthening its effort to promote health and wellness programs among communities. They are conducting interviews and seminars about taking care of oneself and making sure that the community they live in is safe. Awareness is very important to engage individuals in breaking the chain. It also educates the people about the major risks of diseases and the necessary steps to prevent diseases. There are a lot of steps a nurse can take to aid in breaking the link within the communicable disease chain. These steps include teaching proper hygiene and education. The nurse can also encourage the carrier of disease to take the necessary steps and observe proper hygiene, as well, inside and outside their homes. The community must also be aware of proper sanitation and continuous seminar to help bring awareness. The nurse should also encourage people, susceptible to these diseases, to regularly consult the doctor and observe eating healthy foods. Note that it is important that each individual are cooperative of the steps and are willing to take action. 

            social determinants of health are important factors that one should consider in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The role of doctors, nurses and other health officers are important in health promotion but is in the willingness of an individual that makes it effective. One of the disease control measure that is the easiest to do is observing proper hygiene. Doing proper hygiene is the easiest basic step in achieving a healthy lifestyle. Thus, we must be obedient in order to live a longer life.

References:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (N.D.). Social Determinants of Health: Know what affects health. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC 24/7: Saving Lives, Protecting People. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/index.htm

Nursing 411.org. (N.D.). Principles of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Lesson 1: Introduction   to disease transmission and epidemiology. Retrieved from             http://www.nursing411.org/Courses/MD0151_Principals_Epidem_Micro/1-11_Principals_Epidem_Micro.html

World Health Organization (WHO). (N.D.). Social Determinants of Health. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/social_determinants/en/

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